Gabriele Cocco. “I Trowe He were a Gelding or a Mare. A Veiled Description of a Bent Pardoner.” Neophilologus (2008) 92:359–366. Downloaded PDF.
Rowland, Beryl. Animal Imagery and the Pardoner’s Abnormality. Neophilologus Volume 48 Issue 1, 56-60. Dec 1964. Req’d via Summit 05-11-08 (U of O).
Green, Richard Firth. “Further Evidence for Chaucer’s Representation of the Pardoner as a Womanizer.” Medium Aevum, Vol. 71, 2002. Req’d via Summitt 05-11-08 (U of O) Excerpt: Twenty years ago I argued that the hints of effeminacy to be found in Chaucer’s portrait of the Pardoner should not be taken to indicate either homosexuality or a physical condition (whether that of a eunuch or a hermaphrodite), but rather an inordinate preoccupation with women. (1) To be effeminate in the Middle Ages, I suggested, was…
Sturges, Robert. S. Chaucer’s Pardoner and Gender Theory: Bodies of Discourse (The New Middle Ages). Palgrave Macmillan, 2000. From Library Journal: Many journal articles have been published about the sexuality of the Pardoner in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, but this is the first book-length study of the character. Along with its extensive examination of the Pardoner’s sexuality, the book delves into medieval society’s perception of and attitudes toward ambiguous gender. In fact, this effort, part of “The New Middle Ages” series, which emphasizes transdisciplinary studies of medieval cultures, focuses more on medieval views of gender than on analyzing Chaucer’s work. Most readers would find a selection of journal articles about Chaucer’s Pardoner more useful and accessible. Sturges (English, Univ. of New Orleans) has published numerous articles and one book about medieval French literature. Because his vocabulary is very specialized and his literary quotations are not translated, readers must be familiar with Middle English and with gender-studies terminology. Recommended for academic libraries only.
Manning, Stephen. “Chaucer’s Pardoner: Sex and Non-Sex” South Atlantic Bulletin, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Jan., 1974), pp. 17-26. Req’d via Summitt 05-11-08 (U of O)
Zeikowitz, Richard. “Silenced But Not Stifled: The Disruptive Queer Power of Chaucer’s Pardoner.” The Dalhousie Review:Medieval Culture Issue. Halifax: Dalhousie University, 2002. 55-73. Req’d via Summit 05-11-08 (U of O)
JUNGMAN, ROBERT E. “The Pardoner’s Quarrel with the Host.” Philological Quarterly 55 (1976):279-81. PB1 .P5 v.55 (1976) AVAILABLE The Pardoner/Host quarrel at the end of Pardoner’s Tale grows out of the same Pauline text (1 Timothy 6) as the Pardoner’s duplicitous homiletic theme and illustrates how false teaching leads to quarreling.
Condren, Edward I. “The Pardoner’s bid for existence” Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 1973. CB3 .V53 AVAILABLE. The Pardoner is one of the more complex and enigmatic figures in The Canterbury Tales. This detailed and extensive analysis of the Pardoner looks at what he says to the other pilgrims, their reactions to him and his description within the General Prologue. Condren argues that the Pardoner is not a simple fraud but a more complex person, one who no longer believes in the formal theology and piety that he preaches, or who is truly involved in lechery and avarice as he would have the other pilgrims believe. The Pardoner’s only joy lies in his ability to manipulate his audience and the power of his own performance. His obsession with death and the emptiness of his life are revealed in the Tale he tells of the Old Man and the Three Rioters. The epilogue, where the Host angrily denounces The Pardoner and his act, is also discussed.
Storm, Melvin. “The Pardoner’s Invitation: Quaestor’s Bag or Becket’s Shrine?” PMLA, Vol. 97, No. 5 (Oct., 1982), pp. 810-818 Abstract: Chaucer’s Pardoner functions pivotally in The Canterbury Tales, for he personifies illusory goals that can divert or halt the pilgrimage. A walking shrine, carrying spurious relics and questionable indulgences, he offers the pilgrims a meretricious equivalent of what they seek in Canterbury. His diversionary malfeasance gives thematic significance to his unsavory relationship with the Summoner and establishes a close parallel between Chaucer’s pilgrimage framework and the rioters’ quest in the tale itself. It is fitting that the Pardoner addresses his crucial invitation, at the end of the tale, to the Host, because the Host is responsible for guiding the pilgrims to Canterbury. The violence with which the Host responds is thus particularly appropriate, for he is confronting the man who threatens the impetus of the pilgrimage as a whole.
Grennen, Joseph E. “The Pardoner, the Host, And the Depth of the Chaucerian Insult.” English Language Notes 25:2 (1987): 18-24. PR1 .E4 v.25 (1987 SEP-1988 JUN) AVAILABLE
Kamowski, William. “Coillons’, Relics, Skepticism And Faith on Chaucer’s Road to Canterbury: An Observation on the Pardoner’s and the Host’s Confrontation.” English Language Notes 28:4 (1991): 1-8. PR1 .E4 v.28 (1990 SEP-1991 JUN) [incomplete] AVAILABLE
Osborn, Marijane. “Transgressive Word and Image in Chaucer’s Enshrined Coillons Passage.” The Chaucer Review 37:4 (2003): 365-384. PR1901 .C45 v.37 no.3-v.39 (2003/2005) [incomplete] AVAILABLE
Montelaro, Janet J. “The Pardoner’s Self-Reflexive Peyne: Textual Abuse of “The First Epistle to Timothy”” South Central Review, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Winter, 1991), pp. 6-16 Ordered via ILL 05-11-08
Kruger, Steven F. “Claiming the Pardoner: Toward a Gay Reading of Chaucer’s Pardoner’s Tale” Exemplaria 6 (1994): 115-39. Kruger notes that, with one exception, this is ‘the only one of the Canterbury Tales that focuses solely on male characters’ and that the deadly struggle among the three revellers is described as ‘a violent pardoy of [homo]sexual intercourse’ (pp. 130-131). (from AC Spearing in Cambridge Comp to Chaucer 212). VALLEY PN661 .E94 but Valley’s collection begins in 2006. Requested 1994 vol via Summit 05-05-08
Dinshaw, Carolyn. Chaucer’s Sexual Poetics. U of Wisconsin P, 1989. Available Valley PR1933.S35 D56
Dinshaw, Carolyn. Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities Pre- and Post-Modern. Duke UP, 1999. Chapter “Good Vibrations” includes discussion of Pardoner. Available Valley HQ14 .D56 1999
Kellogg, A.L. “An Augustinian Interpretation of Chaucer’s Pardoner” Speculum XXVI (1951): 465-481.Available Valley: PN661.S6 vol 26.
Burger, Glenn. “Kissing the Pardoner.” PMLA 107.5 (Oct 1992): 1143-1156. Available Valley PB6.M64 v.107 no.1-3
Gardiner, Anne Barbeau, and Glenn Burger. “The Medieval Kiss” PMLA 108.2 (Mar 1993): 333-335. Critique of Burger’s “Kissing the Pardoner.”
Gross, Gregory W. “Trade Secrets: Chaucer, the Pardoner, the Critics” Modern Language Studies 25.4 (Autumn 1995): 1-36. PB1.M67 Valley:AVAILABLE
MERRIX, ROBERT P. “Sermon Structure in the Pardoner’s Tale.” Chaucer Review 17 (1983):235-49. PR1901 .C45
Surveys the structural development of sermons in the Middle Ages and compares Chaucer’s Pardoner’s Tale to the university sermon of the late-medieval period, arguing that the tale does duplicate the structure of such sermons and their relationship between theme and form.
Sabine Volke-Birke. Chaucer and Medieval Preaching: Rhetoric for Listerners in Sermons and Poetry. Chapter XII: Preaching Perverted: The Pardoner’s Prologue and Tale NOT AVAILABLE ANYWHERE I CAN FIND
Alan J. Fletcher, “The Preaching of the Pardoner” SAC 11 (1989): 15-35. Focused on the Pardoner’s sermonizing and its potentially polemical force. PR1901 .S7941
Waters, Claire M. “Holy Duplicity: The Preacher’s Two Faces.” Studies in the Age of Chaucer 24 (2002) 24: 75-113. (about the Pardoner and Parson) PR1901 .S7941
Nancy H. Owen, “The Pardoner’s Introduction, Prologue, and Tale: The Sermon and Fabliau” JEGP 66 (1967): 541-49). AVAILABLE VALLEY PD1 .J6
Jungman, Robert E. “The Pardoner’s ’Confession’ and St. Augustine’s ’De Doctrina Christiana’.” Chaucer Newsletter 1.1 (1979): 16-17. Summary: Cites “De Doctrina,” IV, xxvii, 59 as a source or gloss at least on the Pardoner’s “confession”: Augustine notes that the wicked may preach what is right and good. NOT AVAILABLE AT VALLEY AT ALL, NOT CHECK-OUT-ABLE VIA SUMMITT. ORDERED VIA ILL 05-01-08
Copeland, Rita. “The Pardoner’s Body and the Disciplining of Rhetoric,” in Framing Medieval Bodies, Sarah Kay and Miri Rubin, eds. Manchester UP, 1994: 138-59. GT495 .F73 1994 AVAILABLE VALLEY
Faulkner, Dewey R. Twentieth Century Interpretations of the Pardoner’s Tale; a Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1973. PR1868.P3 F3 AVAILABLE VALLEY
Halverson, John. “Chaucer’s Pardoner and the Progress of Criticism” Chaucer Review 4 (1970): 184-202. PR1901 .C45 AVAILABLE VALLEY
Patterson, Lee. “Chaucerian Confession: Penitential Literature and the Pardoner.” Medievalia et Humanistica 7 (1976): 158-173. THIS VOLUME CHECKED OUT AT VALLEY. REQUESTED VIA SUMMIT 04-29-08
Spearing, A. C. “The Canterbury Tales IV: Exemplum and Fable.” In Piero Boitani and Jill Mann, eds. The Cambridge Chaucer Companion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986: 159-77. (About “The Friar’s Tale,” “The Pardoner’s Tale,” “The Nun’s Priest’s Tale,” and “The Manicple’s Tale”) NOT AVAILABLE AT VALLEY. REQUESTED VIA SUMMIT 04-29-08